Journal Articles

The following are journal articles of interest relevant to the Good Water Neighbor project and communities

[For publications relevant to this project, click here]

S. Tamari, A. Lipman Avizohar; Good Water Neighbors, The Educational Program of EcoPeace Middle East; Negev, Dead Sea and Arava Studeis, 9 (2), 68–65 (2017) (Hebrew)
The article reviews the history, objectives, goals and achievement of the Good Water Neighbors educational program which takes place simultaneously in Israel, Jordan and the West Bank.  The evaluation study which examined the effectiveness of the Good Water Neighbors project between 2012 and 2014 is summarized.

 

Giovanni Fontana Antonelli, Caring for the Land; Fondazione Benetton Studi Ricerche /Antiga Edizioni, Treviso 2017
This paper describes the development of the concept of landscape in the Palestinian context, and includes cases such as the the Bethlehem Plan and the case of Battir.

 

Tobias Ide (2016): Space, discourse and environmental peacebuilding, Third World Quarterly, DOI: 10.1080/01436597.2016.1199261
The concept of environmental peacebuilding is becoming increasingly prominent among peacebuilding scholars and practitioners. This study provides a brief overview about the various discussions contributing to our understanding of environmental peacebuilding and concludes that questions of space have hardly been explicitly considered in these debates. This theoretical approach is then applied to the Good Water Neighbours project, which aims at improving the regional water situation and at building peace between Israelis, Palestinians and Jordanians.

 

Djernaes M., Jorgensen T., Koch-Ya’ari E. Evaluation of Environmental Peacemaking Intervention Strategies in Jordan-Palestine-Israel, Journal of Peacebuilding & Development, Volume 10, Issue 2, 2015 pp. 74-80
This briefing shares key insights from the latest external evaluation of EcoPeace’s program building on sustainable environmental solutions paired with enhanced trust and understanding in a conflict zone, and it presents a peacemaking model that can be applied to other conflict areas.

 

Ide and C. Fröhlich. Socio-environmental cooperation and conflict? A discursive understanding and its application to the case of Israel/Palestine, Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss., 6, 1001–1031, 2015
This article portrays the dominant national water discourses in Israel and Palestine (based on a literature review) and compares them to the discourse of an Israeli-Palestinian water cooperation project, the Good Water Neighbors (GWN) project.

 

Lazarus, Ned. March, 2015. Intractable Peacebuilding: Innovation and Perseverance in the Israeli-Palestinian Context; School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, George Mason University; S-CAR Working Paper.
The paper profiles initiatives that have established models and strategies for peacebuilding in a hostile context, which can serve as points of reference and inspiration to people engaged in similar struggles around the world.

 

Arieli, T. 2012. Borders of Peace in Policy and Practice: An Analysis of the Israel-Jordan Border Management, GeoPolitics, 17(3):658-680.
This article analyzes civilian cross-border cooperation in the southern section of the Israel-Jordan border region, distinguishing between local and national perspectives regarding border management. Focusing mainly on Israel’s policies the article demonstrates how despite the vision of good neighbourly relations and their potential contribution towards regional prosperity and stability, local cross-border initiatives have been inhibited in the name of national security. The case study demonstrates the mechanisms and ramifications of exclusive securitisation policies of post-conflict border management.

 

Arieli, T, & Cohen, N., 2013. Policy Entrepreneurs and Post-Conflict Cross-Border Cooperation: A Conceptual framework and the Israeli-Jordanian Case. Policy Sciences, 46 (3): 237-256.
This article suggests a conceptual framework to understand the influence of policy entrepreneurs on public policy regarding cross-border interaction in post-conflict border regions.

 

Elana Katz-Mink, 2013; Dangerous Separation: An Ecosystem and Way of Life in the West Bank at the Brink of Destruction, American University Sustainable Development Law & Policy Brief
Residents of the Palestinian village of Battir practice an ancient agricultural technique dating back to the Roman Period a few miles from Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and the Green Line. Agricultural terraces, which were developed to take advantage of natural mountain springs, cover 2,000 hectares around the village where residents cultivate produce for their livelihoods and sustenance. Over the centuries, the terraces have increased the land’s fertility, preserving the area’s agricultural heritage and environmental integrity.  Israel is currently planning to build the separation wall on the edge of Battir, separating farmers from their fields…

 

House of Water and Environmnet, 2012; Understanding and Analyzing the Current Israeli Wastewater Practices for Transboundary Wastewater Management from PalestinianFinal Report funded by the Austrian Development Cooperation through Palestinian Water Authority
This report takes a good deal of literature from the work of HWE in Wadi Nar and the Betzelem report in the West Bank. The aim of this study is to examine the main transboundary wastewater streams in terms of their quantity and quality to support the decision makers, planners and designers in dealing with these streams.

 

Stuart Schoenfeld et Jonathan Rubin, 2011; Contrasting Regional Environmentalisms in the Eastern Mediterranean: A social constructionist perspective L’espace Politque, 14 | 2011-2, Varia
Abstract: Regionalism, as a socio-political project, involves the social production of knowledge; common interests are identified and a common identity around these shared interests is promoted. In the Eastern Mediterranean three projects of transnational environmental cooperation construct geographically different regions – a region with Israel, the Palestinian Territories and Jordan at the center, the Mediterranean, and the Arab region. The analysis of these contrasting projects draws on literature on framing, Middle East regionalism and regional environmental governance. The review asks whether these contrasting initiatives are competing or part of a dynamic process in which they positively reinforce each other.

 

Naoufal, Nayla, 2010; The political dimension of education, the environment in a process, Environmental consolidation of peace
Education Relative a L’Environment, Vol. 9, 2010-2011; 155-180
The present article examines the recently emerged field of environmental peacebuilding and its links with environmental education presenting a few examples of ecological cooperation, as well as a transboundary environmental peacebuilding project: the Good Water Neighbours Project.

 

Biton, Yifat and G. Salomon. 2006. Peace in the Eyes of Israeli and Palestinian Youths: Effects of Collective Narratives and Peace Education Program Journal of Peace Research 43 (2): 167-180.
A study of the extent to which the collective narrative of a group in conflict and participation in a peace education program affects Jewish Israeli and Palestinian adolescents’ perceptions of peace. Pre- and post-program questionnaires measured youngsters’ free associations to the concept of peace, their explanations of it, and its perceived utility, and suggested strategies to attain it. It becomes evident that peace education can serve as a barrier against the deterioration of perceptions and feeling.

 

Salomon, Gavriel. 2004. Does Peace Education Make a Difference in the Context of an Intractable Conflict? Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 10 (3): 257-274.
Peace education in regions of intractable conflict faces a number of severe challenges such as conflicting collective narratives, shared histories and beliefs, grave inequalities, excessive emotionality and unsupportive social climates. A series of quasi-experimental studies carried out with Israeli-Jewish and Palestinian youngsters revealed that despite the ongoing violence, participation in various programs yield positive attitudinal, perceptual and relational changes.

 

Thomson, Gareth and J. Hoffman. Year Unknown. Measuring the Success of Environmental Education Programs Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society; Sierra Club Canada; Global, Environmental and Outdoor Education Council.
This report briefly reviews the basic tenets of environmental education and attempts to outline and describe pertinent educational evaluation methodologies and tools. A survey of both professionals and academics found a scarcity of techniques to measure the more challenging outcomes such as values shift, behavior change, and benefits to the environment.

 

McGlynn, Claire et al. 2004. Moving out of conflict: the contribution of integrated schools in Northern Ireland to identity, attitudes, forgiveness and reconciliationJournal of Peace Education 1 (2): 147-163.
This paper summarizes the findings of different studies regarding the impact of mixed Catholic and Protestant education in Northern Ireland on social identity, intergroup attitudes and forgiveness and reconciliation. Integrated education in Northern Ireland holds great potential both for building social cohesion and for promoting forgiveness and reconciliation, providing hope and encouragement for co-education strategies in other countries that have suffered from prolonged conflict.

 

Kupermintz, Haggai. 2007. Mutual Perceptions of Jewish and Arab youth in Israel: 2004-2005(Hebrew). University of Haifa Center for Research on Peace Education: Haifa.
This publication is a summary report presenting the findings of two comprehensive studies that were conducted by the Research Center for Peace Education, Haifa University from 2004-2005. The findings relate to perceptions of reciprocity – Jewish and Arab youth in Israel and present an updated situation about the challenges facing Israel for peace education.

 

Tal, Alon et al. 2010. Israeli/Palestinian transboundary stream restoration and management: lessons for the future The International Journal of River Basin Management 8 (2): 207-213.
A 3 year study between a joint Palestinian and Israeli research team monitored two of their major shared watersheds: the Zomar/Alexander and the Hebron/Besor basins. The extremely degraded water quality conditions were traced to a variety of point and non-point pollution sources. This article summarizes the team’s recommendations for future management activities if a coordinated rehabilitation effort is to be successful.

 

Tal, Alon et al. 2010.Chemical and biological monitoring in ephemeral and intermittent streams: a study of two transboundary Palestinian-Israeli watersheds The International Journal of River Basin Management 8 (2): 185-205.
Management of the region’s natural resources constitutes a unique challenge because of the complex local political circumstances. This article presents chemical and biological monitoring results, identifying high levels of non-point source nutrient runoff during rainfall events and high percolation of contaminated streamwater during its flow that should be addressed in future restoration strategies. The practical challenges associated with the monitoring of ephemeral streams are also discussed with suggestions for future studies and management efforts.

 

Phillips, David L. 2010.Promoting Economic Development in the Palestinian Territories New York University: New York.
This report describes economic sectors in the Palestinian territories and identifies business opportunities. It considers what has worked in the past – and what has not. The legal and regulatory environment for economic development is summarized and evaluated. The report provides a partial inventory of economic development assistance programs undertaken by donor countries, multilateral agencies, international financial institutions and private sector initiatives. In addition, it considers activities involving Trans-Atlantic cooperation.

 

Nazer, Dima W. et al. 2010.Optimizing Irrigation in the West Bank Agricultural Water Management 97: 339-345.Agriculture accounts for 70% of water use in the West Bank. Hence, improvements in agricultural water management are needed to maximize benefits from the area’s scarce water resources. Although water is scarce, there are many ways of using it more efficiently, or making each drop of water more productive. This article examines how changing the cropping patterns in the West Bank can reduce agricultural water use by 4%.

 

Author Unkown. 2008.  Report on Water Situation in the Palestinian GWN communities, Summer 2008. Friends of the Earth Middle East, Bethlehem Branch.
This report, compiled by FoEME Bethlehem staff, details the water situation in each of our Palestinian Good Water Neighbors communities during the water crisis of summer 2008.

 

Spinks, Kerry. 2009.Perceptions of Joint Activities in the Wake of the War in Gaza – A Look at Palestinian / Israeli Grassroots Peacebuilding American University.
This paper attempts to “take the pulse” of the peace camp during this difficult time in the hopes that it can add to the body of knowledge that practitioners are utilizing in making decisions about how to proceed given the current political and social climate.
by Kerry Spinks

 

Brooks, David B. et al. 2007.Water Demand Management in the Middle East and North Africa: Observations from the IDRC Forums and Lessons for the Future Water International 32 (2): 193-204.
In 2002 and 2003, Canada’s International Development Research Centre, in partnership with other donors, organized four regional Forums to facilitate the exchange of information, results and lessons learned on water demand management (WDM) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Over 500 decision makers and water practitioners from 11 countries participated in Forums on wastewater reuse, water valuation, private-public partnerships, and decentralization.

 

Jaegerskog, Anders. 2008. Water and Conflict in the Middle East The Middle East Institute’s Veiwpoints 7: 1-5.
and Jordan River article (page 3) by Gidon Bromberg, Munqeth Mehyar and Nader Khateeb

 

Alleson, Ilan and Stuart Schoenfeld. 2007. Environmental Justice and Peacebuilding in the Middle East  A Journal of Social Justice, 19: 371-379.

 

Carius, Alexander. 2006. Environmental Peacemaking: Conditions for Success Environmental Change and Security Report 12: 59-75.

 

Bromberg, Gidon. 2007.Bridging the Jordan The World Today 63 (2): 21-22.
State of Israel, Ministry of the Environment. 2005. Israel Ministry of Environment – The Water Connection Israel Environment Bulletin 29: 22-23.
This edition features a story on FoEME’s Jordan River Rehabilitation project and our Good Water Neighbors project. See page 22-23.

 

Bromberg, Gidon and Violet Qumsieh. 2004. Advancing Human Security Through the Sharing of Water Perspectives in the Middle East